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Archive of Blog: July 2012

Turkmen wedding
Published: 25 july 2012

In Turkmenistan, as in other Eastern country, wedding is not possible without national traditions and ceremonies. Religious beliefs and ancient people’s traditions became intertwined in wedding ceremonies. Today the traditions lost their original meaning, got the symbolical one, and some traditions transformed into the relative ones. But, on the whole, wedding continue to save the traditional characteristics.As so often happens in the East, all costs directly related to marriage rest upon the groom's family shoulders. Therefore, all relatives of the groom's family help in preparation of the wedding.The tradition of the obligatory ransom for the bride did not lose its actuality. In addition, the groom’s part bears the expenses of the wedding. That is why, if there is a son in the family, the parents begin to lay up money while he is still a minor. A few words should be said co...

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Turkmen bakhshi
Published: 20 july 2012

Bakhshi (Turkm. bagşy / bagshi) - folk singer among the peoples of Central Asia, generally performing at the celebrations. The word "Bakhshi" comes from the Sanskrit bhikshu - teacher. Mongolian Buddhists called bakhshi people who knew Uighur script, that is why in the XIII-XV centuries the word "Bakhshi" was given to scribes.In the existing system of Bakhshi education the significant place was given to poetry contests.In Central Asia Bakhshi were the guardians of national music and folk traditions, they also spread the classics.Music for the Turkmen is a life of people, placed in sound, honest story about the anxieties and joys, suffering and happiness, the beauty of the soul and heart disturbances. It is able to heal wounds, soothe, or pour into a human vitality.The art of folk singers in the country is highly respected and honoured. Their names are always within hearing, and the histo...

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Karakum Desert
Published: 13 july 2012

The area of the Karakum Desert is nearly 350.000 sq. km, which is about 79 per cent of Turkmenistan’s territory. The desert borders on the Ustyurt plateau  in the north-west, on the Amu-Darya in the north- east, on the  Murghab River oasis in the south and on the Caspian Sea in the west.  The Karakum desert is divided into three parts: Low (Central), Zunguz (Northern) and Southeast. The desert is rich not only in oil and gas but other mineral resources as well. A wide range of grey mounts dominate the landscape along the boundaries of the Zunguz Karakum. Those mounts hold deposits of sulphur. From the outside they are covered with a flint crust.The landscape of the Karakum is very interesting. Only part of its territory is covered with sand. In the east there are ‘barkhans’ - mounts of loose sand of 15 to 35 m high. There are flat areas of broad expanses ...

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Repetek
Published: 13 july 2012

The Repetek Nature Reserve was founded in 1927 and occupies a territory of more than 35 000 hectaresto study unique desert fauna and flora.  It is located in the central part of the eastern Karakum. The unique natural ecosystem of Repetek attracted the attention of many scientists and a number of scientific conferences and seminars were held here.  The importance of Repetek   was recognized by UNESCO and in 1979 Repetek obtained the status of an International Biosphere Reserve. Repetek is a place where we can observe practically all forms of the Karakum’s sandy landscape, which are dune-like, ridge-like, hilly and other possible variations, as well as striking the attention ‘Repetek Sahara’ and  groves of white and black saxaul (haloxylon) - a forest without a shade. Saxaul is a tree without leaves. It has leaves, but they are very thin. It helps the...

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Kugitang Nature Reserve
Published: 13 july 2012

Kugitang Nature Reserve is located in the south-western slopes of the Koytendag mountains (the Kugitang range), at the south-western extreme of the Gissar range of the Pamir-Alay mountain system. Generally, it lies at elevations of 900-3139m above sea level, which it reaches at Ayrybaba (the highest peak of Turkmenistan). There are a substantial number of water bodies: karst lakes, freshwater springs and hydrogen sulphate wells. Koytendag is famous for its unique caves and other geological features (marble onyx), as well as its archa forest and species of rare plants and animals such as the blind cave loach which inhabits underground lakes in the karstic caves. Kugitang is also famous for its representing the main periods of Earth development, including the illustration of ancient life, significant geological processes in Earth surface forms development, essential geomorphological a...

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Akhaltekin horses
Published: 13 july 2012

The modern science names Akhalteke horse as one of the most ancient in the world among 250 fixed breeds of horses. A lot of researchers are inclined to consider as it the most ancient breed of cultural horse breeding. The chronicles of Tiglatpalasar (1115 – 1077 B.C.) is considered to be the first historical data about oriental horse.Herodot described 10 sacred horses in the magnificent harness which conducted in front of the sacred Akhuramazda chariot in Xerxes’s army. These horses were cultivated on the Niseyskaya plain from “Merv up to Bulkh (modern Afghanistan) in Media”.The description of ancient nisey horse, harmonious, with the long thin and flexible neck, large eyes, fine-moulded head, and harmonious strong legs was kept…Long since, as the test of breed, the horse race on the distance from 10 to 50 km were arranged, and Akhalteke passed them with ea...

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