Kunya-Urgench is located in the north-eastern part of Turkmenistan on the territory of the museum of culture. The ancient capital of Northern Khorezm, which was already mentioned in Chinese sources in the I century AD. was under the grip of the Arabs in the middle of the VIII century.
The city is known for its magnificent monuments of the XIII-XIV centuries. No one knows when Kunya-Urgench was founded. During the recent excavations the contours of the powerful ancient fortress belonging to the VI-VII centuries BC. were revealed.
In 712 after the capture of Khorezm by the Arabs Kunya-Urgench was given the Arabic name Dzhurdaniya or Gurgandzh. Because of its location on the path of the main trade routes from north to south and from west to the Volga River, as well as in Eastern Mongolia and China, the city became prosperous very quickly. It became the second largest city in Central Asia after Bukhara. Many outstanding monuments of this period were kept.
The main remarkable sights of Kunya-Urgench are: the mausoleum of the founder of the Sufi sect "kubra" of Nadzhimetdin Kubra (XII-XIII centuries), the mausoleum of the Mongol princess Torebeg Khanum (Turabekhanum, XII-XIV centuries), the minaret of Mamun (X-XI centuries AD.) Kutlug Timur minaret (XII-XIV centuries, the highest minaret in Central Asia - its height today is 67 m), the mausoleum Kyrkmolla (II century BC. - III century in AD.) Ibn Hadzhyba madrasah (XIV-XVI centuries), the mausoleum of Arslan II (the oldest building in the town - the date of its laying is roughly estimated by the XI century), Mausoleum of Fakhr ad-Din Razi (XIII century), Azizan al-Ramatani (XIII-XIV centuries ), Seyd Ahmeda (XII-XIV centuries), Piryarveli (XIV-XVII centuries), Guligerdan (XII century) , Horezimbag (XIII-XVIII centuries.) Dashgala (XIV-XVI centuries), Matkarim-Ishan (XIX-XX centuries), Sultan Ali (1580), Tekesh-Horezmshah (XIII century), with the minaret of XIV, Dashmedzhet (1903-1908) and the fortress Ak-Kala (Akgala, I-XIII centuries).
The cultural and historical monuments of the country also include the ruins of the city of Amul, known since the days of Parthia (near Chardzhou), ancient towns Anev, Anau, Tagta, Cherkez and Ovadan -Depe.
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