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Nature of Turkmenistan

Karakum Desert
Published: 22 february 2018

The area of the Karakum Desert is nearly 350.000 sq. km, which is about 79 per cent of Turkmenistan’s territory. The desert borders on the Ustyurt plateau  in the north-west, on the Amu-Darya in the north- east, on the  Murghab River oasis in the south and on the Caspian Sea in the west.  The Karakum desert is divided into three parts: Low (Central), Zunguz (Northern) and Southeast. The desert is rich not only in oil and gas but other mineral resources as well. A wide range of grey mounts dominate the landscape along the boundaries of the Zunguz Karakum. Those mounts hold deposits of sulphur. From the outside they are covered with a flint crust.The landscape of the Karakum is very interesting. Only part of its territory is covered with sand. In the east there are ‘barkhans’ - mounts of loose sand of 15 to 35 m high. There are flat areas of broad expanses ...

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Inhabitants of the Caspian Sea
Published: 26 november 2015

Caspian Sea is an unusual sea – it’s very difficult to find one similar. It’s the world’s largest basin detached from the World Ocean and it’s the only sea in the world where a river flows out of. Its inhabitants – birds and animals also look unusual. Some of them can not be found anywhere else on the planet. Inhabitants of the Caspian Sea First of all they are Caspian seal, salmon and inconnu. The real Caspian Sea’s pride is sturgeon. This place was very famous for it from time immemorial. Nowadays Caspian Sea countries, including Turkmenistan, are making efforts to preserve its population.  Birds of the Caspian Sea There’re over 400 types of birds in this area. That’s why Khazar Reserve is often called ornithological reserve. Turkmen coastline of the Caspian Sea is a large crossing on the ways of passage and migration of birds...

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Extraterrestrial landscapes of Kopetdag mountains
Published: 12 june 2015

The Kopetdag Mountains is the largest mountain system, located between Iran and Turkmenistan. Mountains stretch along the sandy Karakum desert more than 600 kilometers. So the Kopetdag Mountains may be talked about as a natural barrier for the shifting sands of one of the world’s largest deserts. There a truly cosmic landscape rises to view that looks unusually. That’s why local people named the mountains as “lunar”. Their smoothed peg-shaped forms speckled with deep furrows resemble the hardened volcanic lava. So the mountains represent to view a truly architectural improvisation of the Earth which as though had broken out from the depths of its bowels. The main secret It’s interesting that because of air humidity the color of mountains may vary from the emerald-gray to pinkish-cream, unveiling thereby after the rain the wonderful color tints of rocks. Wh...

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Published: 07 january 2015

Yangikala Canyons are amazing natural objects in the North West of Turkmenistan in the Balkan region. Yangikala means “fire fortress”. So interesting name canyons were given because of red color of rocks, from which are formed mountains ranges and cliffs.  After leaving Balkanabad, you will suddenly find yourself in the steep cliffs. There used to be the waters of the Gulf Karabagazgol - part of the coast of the Caspian Sea. Today here you can see steep banks and huge hills. Due to rain, wind, waves, there were formed fanciful castles, towers, walls.  Yangikala Canyons are incredibly beautiful sight. The most interesting thing that depending of the time of day, the color of the rocks is changed right before our eyes from pure white to fiery red. It is especially beautiful at sunset, when everything is colored in fiery tones. The sight like this one can see in Chines...

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Karlyuk caves
Published: 02 november 2014

  Karlyuk caves are located on the western slope of the ridge Kugitang-Tau, on the eastern outskirt of Turkmenistan. There are numerous picturesque gorges on the slopes of the ridge. The height of some cliffs is 200 m.   There were registered about 60 caves, its length is from a few hundred meters to several kilometers. Karlyuk village is the great value as a natural biological attraction, as well as a world heritage monument. The most famous caves are Hoshmoyuk, Kapkutan, Stone Flower, Vertical (Cave of the Dead), located in the 7-10 km. to the east of the Carluke village.   Cave "Hashimeyuk" is geological and archeological site in a mountain system of Kugitang. The length of the cave is 3.5 km and consists of many mazes (from 5 to 8 metres). There are a lot of formations, which are called stalactites and stalagmites.   The length of “Kop-Kotan”...

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